April Almanac

April 8 - Jurist Pasquale Fiore is born in 1837. His expertise and writings about international law had a profound influence on the legal systems of all Latin countries in Europe and the Americas.

April 9 - British engineer Sebastian Ferranti is born in 1864. He promoted and oversaw the development of England's AC power grid.
- Enrico Tonti and Robert LaSalle reach the mouth of the Mississippi River in 1682. LaSalle was later murdered by his French crew. Thereafter, Tonti spent 25 years developing middle America which eventually was sold to the United States as the Louisiana Purchase.

April 11 - Italian military aviator Renato Donati sets the high altitude record of 47,352 feet in 1934.

April 13 - Italian-American inventor Antonio Meucci is born in 1808. Living in Staten Island, NY, Meucci files the first papers for his teletrofono (telephone) five years before Alexander Graham Bell.

April 14 - Topo Gigio, the Italian mouse, premieres on the Ed Sullivan Show in 1964.

April 16 - Composer Henry Mancini is born in 1924. His hits included the Pink Panther Theme, Moon River, Days of Wine and Roses.
- Italian monk Giovanni Francesco Bernardone founds the Franciscan Order in 1209.

April 17 - Giovanni da Verrazzano is the first European to enter New York Harbor in 1524, eighty five years before Henry Hudson.

April 21 - The city of Rome is founded in 753 B.C. She later became the creator of the nation-state of Italy.

April 25 - Inventor of wireless telegraphy, Guglielmo Marconi, is born in Bologna in 1874.

April 26 - Italy signs the Secret Treaty of London in 1915 in which France and Britain promised Italy overseas colonies in return for its participation in the First World War. The Allies reneged on the pledge even after Italy defeated Austria-Hungary and lost 600,000 servicemen.

April 27 - Heavyweight boxer Rocky Marciano retires undefeated in 1956.

April 30 - Freedom fighter Romolo Gessi is born in 1831. This soldier/explorer led numerous expeditions for the British in Africa freeing 30,000 slaves from bondage.

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